Wheel of the year
(All hallows eve) Around April 30th
(winter solstice) Around June 21st
(Candlemas) Around August 1st
(Spring Equinox) Around September 21st
- Around November 1st
(Midsummer / Summer Solstice) Around December 21st
(Luahnasadh) Around February 1st
(Autumn Equinox) Around March 21st
In Witchcraft, the seasonal course of the year is known as the "Wheel of
the year". There are 4 major/greater, and 4 minor/lesser Sabbats, that
make up the eight Sabbats per year. (They are also know
respectively as Quarter days and cross-quarter days).
celebrations based on seasonal changes and traditional harvest dates,
and are SUN events. They are times of great celebration.
gatherings of Witches for ritual work
of the full moon, they are MOON events. It is a time for magical work rather
than the more celebratory Sabbat.
In the graphic above,
you will see the wheel is evenly divided into 8 parts. The quarter
cross quarter points in purple.
Sabbats/Quarter days are: Yule, Ostara, Litha and Mabon.
These points are marked by the precise movement of the Sun in the annual
journey across the sky, and are the mid points in their season. (ie.
Yule is the middle of Winter).
Sabbats/Cross Quarter days are Samhain, Imbolc, Beltane, and
Lughnasadh. The cross quarter holidays fall approximately half way
between the Quarter days. Traditionally, additional factors were used to
determine these holidays as well, (ie. noticing earth changes like air
temperature, rainfall etc, animal migrations, harvest and specific
a time when the sun appears to stand still its northward or southward
motion and is farthest from the equator. Summer solstice is the longest
daylight hours of the year, and winter solstice is the shortest. (In
Latin, where the word solstice comes from, "sol" is the sun; "sistere"
is to cause to stand)
when the sun crosses the celestial equator and when the length of day
and night is equal (approximately). From the Ostara, Sunlight will
increase during the day and after Mabon, the Sunlight hours will
decrease during the day. (In Latin ,aequinoctium: aequi- equi-means
equal and nox, noct means night).
Click on a
Link below to learn more about each Sabbat
Stories, Poems & Activates)
For more advanced
information, click here.
Click on the red
shoes to take you home!